# [EM] Condorcet Borda? Classic List Threaded 1 message Reply | Threaded
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## [EM] Condorcet Borda?

 Generalized Borda requires a probability distribution (i.e. a lottery on the candidates). Ordinary Borda is the ccase where the distribution is uniform ... which is why it fails Clone Independece. Borda based on a clone free, proportional lottery will be clone free, and Borda based on a Condorcet lottery will be Condorcet efficient:In fact, in Generalized Borda the score for alternative X is the sum over the ballots B of the total Prob of the alternatives ranked behind X minus the total Prob of the alternatives ranked abead of X.  If X is a Condorcet Candidate and Prob is a Condorcet lottery, then Prob(X) is one. In this immediate context all other candidates have zero probability. So the Borda Score of X is zero and the Borda score for any Y not equal to X is the number of ballots on which Y is ranked ahead of X minus the number of ballot on which X is ranked ahead of Y. This difference has to be negative because X beats Y pairwise. Since X has the only non-negative Borda Score, it has to be the Borda winner ...QED! ---- Election-Methods mailing list - see https://electorama.com/em for list info